tv BBC World News America PBS February 3, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST
♪ >> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
i've lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, bbc "world news america." katty: this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. refugees face an uncertain future as peace talks are suspended. we look at the growing need on the ground. colombia's president is in washington for a meeting at the white house. we talk about the zika virus and postfix of peace with the farc. a glimpse of andy warhol work that few have seen before. a private collection is about to be opened to the public. ♪
laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. talks aimed atce ending the war in syria were suspended. pressure made a major advance against forces in aleppo. the set that comes as world leaders will try to raise $9 billion to help those affected by the conflict. 4 million people have fled it of fighting in syria and a huge burden has fallen on lebanon. clive martin starts our coverage. close -- andts and clothing are needed. they all hope their exile was temporary, but months have stretched into years. for those who fled, 70% now live in extreme poverty. this man says he wants to work,
it is tough. you get less than 10 pounds a day and there are too few jobs. vouchers secure a bag of supplies, but it isn't fromnment help -- it comes foreign charities. countries like britain say they hope the market is opened so more can work and want head for europe. lebanon argues the war has rex growth -- has wrecked growth and there isn't enough jobs for their own people. help depend on charity to the refugees. lebanon's economy has collapsed. the numbers coming are too great for us to cope with. clive: crop taking in lebanon has traditionally been dominated by syrian migrant workers. newly registered refugees aren't allowed to work and unregistered migrants must find an employer to sponsor them. at this warehouse in beirut we
found several men working illegally. deportation. he says workers are often exploited, and he wasn't paid for two months of work. there was nothing he could do. yes, these children, their families have escaped a war that has killed thousands, but they are suffering in exile. this have finished shopping mall is home to hundreds of syrian refugees. most live hand to mouth, borrowing money and the surviving on aid because they cannot work legally. they include a single mom of five children. there is nothing to live for. i would love to go home, but the war has gone on so long it doesn't seem possible. i might be stuck here for a very long time. this is the province in
syria that she left behind. she, like millions of others, try to make a new life as a refugee. show, as those pictures inside syria the fighting continues, leading to a dire humanitarian situation. we have the view from damascus. rami: it is a rundown and dangerous place to play, a stone's throw from a war battered neighborhood in eastern damascus. these children take us into the unfinished building that they call home. we are told there are 25 families living here. have been displaced several times. they have to pay rent to live here, even though conditions are very bad. electricity is a luxury, three
hours a day if they are lucky. i followed um mohammed into her flat. she is lighting a candle because they have no electricity. the place is infested with mice and rats. um mohammed lives with her husband and five children. we used to live in dignity and our own houses. now, we are running after charity, because we lost everything. we escaped only with the clothing we were wearing. .ami: not all live like this we went to the western side of the city to a government-run shelter. before the war, this was going to be a school. as soon as the displacement crisis began, the government turned it into a temporary shelter. there are 90 emily's here, but the number keeps changing.
they come here and leave when they find somewhere else to stay. government and charity handouts do not make up for the loss of livelihood. mohammed wasr, um a prosperous man with a large family. he has lost almost everything. mohammed, my 19-year-old, was killed first. 43-days later, my other son died. in 14-months, i lost 4 sons. rami: back at the flat, she gets a lesson from her big sister. displacement, the girls still get an education. more importantly, their family is intact. they still live on edge.
many of syria's children have only known a life ravaged by war . some have lost their homes, others their families. with no end in sight it could take their futures as well. rami ruhayem, bbc news, damascus. suffering.a's president obama made his first trip to u.s. mosque today says taking office. he condemned 20 called inexcusable political rhetoric against muslim americans. the acts of a few are playing into the terrorists hands. barbara plett pressure was there and has this report. : president obama has visited mosques overseas. for the first time in his final year of office he feels the need to show support for american muslims.
not the best weather, but that wasn't keeping anyone away. they have lobbied hard for this visit. community and religious leaders are anxious about the hostile climate for muslims following recent terrorist attacks. >> it is my honor to introduce barack obama. president obama: since 9/11 and the attacks in paris and san bernardino, you have seen too equating the acts of terrorism with the beliefs of an entire faith. recently, we have heard inexcusable political rhetoric against muslim americans that has no place in our country. barbara: mr. obama was speaking at the presidential election campaign is shifting into a higher gear. response to the anti-muslim statements of republican candidates trying to
replace him. they're trying to outdo each other and trying to link president obama with terrorism. >> donald j trump is calling for an entire shutdown of muslims entering the united states. >> i was worried when donald trump made those statements and he was leading in the polls. rattled evenas mainstream muslims like hannah, a teenager with confidence in herself and her faith. >> when i leave my house, they say he aware of your surroundings. barbara: president obama pushed back against that kind of fear and division, calling to confront bigotry and appeal to muslim youth. president obama: you fit in here. you are where you belong. you are part of america, too. or american.uslim you are muslim and american.
barbara: urging them to have faith in their future as americans, at a time when the future of the country is in flux. barbara plett usher, baltimore. laura: in other news, the iraqi government has begun building a security wall that will surround baghdad. one report said it included the digging of a two meter trench to make it harder for islamic state militants to penetrate the city and carry out car bombings and other attacks. luxembourg has announced measures to mine on asteroids. toy hope to have an access rare resources in space. they will invest in resource projects and set out a legal framework for private operators. today, the world health organization said a reported case of the zika virus was contracted through sexual contact in the u.s. and is
raising concern. how countries are responding is one of the topics that the president of columbia, juan presidenttos, and obama will talk about. hasomes at a time that farc ended five decades of conflict. i spoke with president santos. thank you for being with us. than 20,000w more reported cases of busy good virus in colombia. how concerned are you by the rapid rate at which it is spreading? president santos: we, in a way, increase.ting a rapid something similar happened with the chikungunya, which we had at the beginning of last year. we expect this to grow, plateau, then come down.
the problem with the zika virus is that nobody really knows a lot about what it is. there are some concerns about the consequences of the zika virus. in, for example, women who are expecting a baby. laura: in your country, you haven't seen any cases of aps born with a birth defect microcephaly. do you think that will come to pass? president santos: we don't know -- the extent , thequence is real percentage of the women who are pregnant are affected and the babies that have the disease. may be a small percentage, but we don't know. the more precautions we take, the better. trya: what are you doing to
to stop the spread of the virus? president santos: try to avoid the spreading of the mosquitoes. try to make a campaign to educate people. time,leave water a long because it is a breeding mosquitoes. use repellents and wear long sleeves. that kind of situation of precautions, because there is no vaccine. laura: you have also advised toen to wait six-months eight-months before getting pregnant. colombia in rural where they cannot get access to birth control easily, how can they avoid getting pregnant? president santos: in colombia, we have quite a solid
and regional base entities to be able to take as many precautions as possible. in this respect, of course, we have to redouble the campaign and get the information to try to reach everyone. it is an easy, because in remote areas sometimes they don't have access. laura: turning to your efforts to bring peace to your country. for more than 50-years you have been fighting a war with the revolutionary armed front of columbia. you are in peace negotiations. how confident are you a peace accord can be signed this year? president santos: quite confident. we have taken very important steps. last week, the security council of the united nations took a unanimous vote giving a mandate
to the u.n. to accept a request from the farc and colombian government to verify a and to monitor the cease of hostilities against the civilian population. this is a step that makes the process irreversible. we have to agree of what we call ddr. disablement, disarmament, and reintegration. we have a deadline for the 23rd of march here and we are doing everything to meet that deadline. laura: you mean president obama tomorrow, is there anything the americans can help you do to meet that deadline? president santos: they have been helping a lot. the u.k. has also helped a lot. the u.k. was the pen holder of
this resolution in the united nations. we have been receiving support from all around the world. this is one of the few cases of success. so many conflicts around the world, and the u.s. has appointed a special envoy who has been extremely constructive. part of the conversation tomorrow with president obama is how they can help us in the post-conflict, which is even more difficult than the process itself, because the peace agreement that we are going to sign is the end of the conflict. laura: in the beginning of something else. if you can get a lasting peace with the farc, do you think they were turned away from drug trafficking in colombia? president santos: that is a specific point i included in the agenda. we and they have already agreed, we will cut every link they have
with drug trafficking. they havenize financed through taxing the drug traffickers. ,hey will in a way help us especially in remote areas, to .onvince the peasants to switch this is a dramatic step here at columbia is the number one provider of cocaine in the world markets. laura: thank you for joining us. you are watching bbc "world news america." come, donald trump calls for a do over in iowa, accusing winner ted cruz of fraud. the latest twist in the race for the white house. australia's high court ruled the policy of detaining asylum seekers offshore is legal.
the australian prime minister said the country's borders had to be secured. correspondent: outside the high protesters hoping for a change of course in australia's policies toward asylum seekers. they were to be disappointed. the court ruled it was legal for australia to pay hundreds of millions of dollars to countries to house offshore detention centers. >> legality is one thing, morality is another. it is fundamentally wrong to condemn these people to a tiny island with the stroke of a pen. is all it of a pen would take for the prime minister or the immigration minister to do the decent thing and let these families stay. correspondent: the case was brought by bangladeshi woman who
was transferred to australia to give birth. she wanted to stay. the court ruling means she will be forced to return, along with mothers inbies and similar positions. australia's tough policies has been criticized by the united nations, but they argue that stopped asylum seekers to reach australia's shores. process has been in force to deal with threats against our maritime and sovereignty. despite thet: international criticism, the policies have brought public support at home. bbc news, sydney. ♪ laura: what do you do if your donald trump, and you come
second. you shout "fraud" and ask for redo. accused texas senator ted cruz of breaking election rules and said that ben carson was dropping out. i spoke with jon sopel. sounds baffling. is it fraud or denial? ,on: even by trump standards these are outrageous claims. to post on social media, one said based on the fraud committed by ted cruz either a new election should take place results nullified. another said that ted cruz did not win i went, he stole it. 's supporters said that ben carson was pulling out and he wasn't. is that fraud or the rough-and-tumble the politics? most would say it is the
rough-and-tumble of politics. there is a delayed reaction that donald trump tried to be gracious for 24-hours and was trying on a jacket that didn't fit. he is gone back -- he has gone back to hurling stones. laura: you have followed every twist and turn. what do you think the psychology is on donald trump's side. jon: i'm trying to rationalize it. you think, is this a smart political move? a lot of things that donald smarthas done has been and trying to undermine ted cruz, get his followers, win new hampshire, and have renewed motivation. he thinks of himself as a winner and has come second. it is a delayed shock. 24-hours later he is railing against the system, saying this is unfair, and ted cruz only won
because it is fraud. ted cruz called it a trump-er tantrum. laura: tomorrow, a private collection of andy warhol will be on display for the first time . there more than 100 unseen pieces, including a self portrait which can be seen. a wall of warhol's. faces from the 1980's. the pop portrait artist was for higher. if you are german politician or an arabian princess, if you had the money, you could have a warhol. exhibitionks in this are owned by one man. why warhol? >> why not?
correspondent: what did he do for you? >> he represents an age that i grew up in. correspondent: when did you start the warhol collection? >> i turned 50. suddenly, i thought there has to be more to life than building up a bank account. correspondent: how much has this collection cost? give you an answer. i would have to look through old invoices. correspondent: hundreds of millions? >> no. they aren't cheap, but if i can afford them, and i think we have been able to put together an interesting group of works that span his whole career. correspondent: professionally, you were in the hedge fund arena.
now, this is being reconsidered. you called it right. >> you don't feel when you buy art you are wasting money. appreciates, but that is not the driving reason we are collecting. it is because we want to tell a story. with the benefit of hindsight, you can see that andy warhol was one of the greatest portrait painters of the 20th century. when you see a group of them together, i think it is genius. correspondent: whether he was a genius or not, he had an uncanny ability to see the future. even his imminent death. bbc news. laura: the previously unseen andy warhol's. that is worth a trip to oxford her and you can find more on today's news on our website. to reach me and the team go to
twitter. i am @lauratrevelyan. thank you for watching. tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
♪ nocturnal, diurnal ♪ which one are you? ♪ nocturnals up all night looking for food ♪ ♪ diurnal, nocturnal ♪ which one are you? ♪ diurnals playing every day at noon ♪ ♪ bugs and flowers on the menu tonight ♪ ♪ being nocturnal means you're active at night ♪ ♪ out of bed, in the morning you play ♪ ♪ being diurnal means you're awake in the day ♪ ♪ nocturnal, diurnal ♪ which one are you? ♪ nocturnals stay up all night looking for food ♪